to Z of Youth Offending
Action Plan Order
This is a court order that gives a young person a list of tasks
to do and states that a number of appointments must be attended.
This is over the course of three months and is carried out whilst
working with a Youth Offending Service worker.
The Sunderland Anti-Bullying Strategy provides support in order
to help families cope with issues surrounding bullying through
counselling, mediation, training and advice.
Bail supervision and support programmes are used, with and
without the use of ISSP, to offer community programmes to
children and young people at high risk of a secure remand or
already remanded to the secure estate.
Barnardo’s Sungate Parenting Project
Sungate is a parenting project run by Barnardos via a Service
Level Agreement with the YOS. It assists parents/carers of 10-17
year old young people using a variety of evidenced based
initiatives. The majority of people referred attend on a
voluntary basis, although some are supervised on statutory
Comprehensive Performance Framework
The YJB’s framework incorporates a series of measures
and an overall YOT performance rating is calculated based on
performance against Fourteen Key Performance Indicators (KPI's),
National Standards, Effective Practice and Quality Assurance
(EPQA) and Recidivism (Re-offending data). Improvement on previous
performance figures and timely submission of the data are also
taken into account. YOTs submit quarterly and annual data to
the YJB under this framework.
Detention and Training Order
This is a court order sentencing the young person to time spent
in custody (prison) for a length of up to two years. It is a
punishment for serious or very frequent offences and aims to
protect the public from the offender’s behaviour, punish
them for their offence and help correct the problems that led
There are specific programmes of intervention for children and
young people based on their diverse needs, including maturity
and gender. For example, a programme about issues of
self-esteem, called ‘Through the Looking glass’ has been used to
work with girls and young women. There are also programmes
looking at racial awareness and race hate issues, which have
both undergone notable improvements over the last year.
Sunderland YOS operates an integrated model for the delivery of
mainstream substance misuse services for children and young
people. Intervention for young offenders in contact with the YOS
and displaying substance misuse needs is provided through YDAP.
The integrated substance misuse team is able to offer a full
range of specialist substance misuse services including
prescription, harm reduction, relapse prevention, solution-based
therapy, group work, etc.
Training and Employment (ETE) Intervention
YOS supports young people to engage with ETE through seconded
Education Inclusion Officers, a Connexions Worker and bespoke
projects designed to meet individual needs i.e. KECO outdoor
activities project, the Bunker Music and Visual Arts Project,
the Fast Track Project for progression into trades, etc.
A decision made by the police to give a young person a formal
warning rather than send them to court. The police keep a record
of this for five years, or until they have reached the age of
18, whichever is longer.
The YOS has a dedicated Accommodation Officer in post to ensure
that accommodation does not negatively impact on criminal
justice decisions, to ensure that accommodation issues are
assessed and monitored in all cases and to find suitable
accommodation for young people with housing needs.
Intensive Supervision and Surveillance Programme (ISSP)
Intensive Supervision and Surveillance Programme (ISSP): ISSP
is a consortium arrangement across Sunderland, Gateshead and
South Tyneside, providing intensive community-based surveillance
with a focus on tackling factors that contribute to offending.
This is the last intervention before custody, often as an
alternative to custody. 2007 was a particularly outstanding year
for the ‘New Directions’ initiative of this project (supporting
young offenders to develop vocational skills in the community)
and one of its staff members, attracting a Youth Justice Award,
Regional Shine ‘Unsung Hero’ Award, Howard League for Penal
Reform recognition, ‘Highly Commended’ in the North East Youth
Justice Awards, and special mention in the Sunderland Council
Employee of the Year Award.
Looked After Children Scheme
Two dedicated workers provide individual and group work
interventions to looked after young people at risk of offending.
The scheme works on a youth work principle encouraging
citizenship and personal responsibility. The team were praised
in the 2007 North East Youth Justice Assembly Awards for the
innovation of practice they had developed in tackling this issue
and the impact the team are having locally.
Mental Health Services
Sunderland YOS has a dedicated seconded Community Psychiatric
Nurse (CPN) based within the YOS Offices. The role of the CAMHS
worker, working across Prevention and the wider YOS, is
supported by a jointly agreed protocol which sets out a clear
operational procedure for the delivery of mental health services
for young people referred by the YOS. The seconded practitioner
is able to access the complete range of citywide mental health
services up to Tier 4.
Offending Behaviour Programmes
Over the last year, the YOS has successfully implemented a wide
range of Offending Behaviour Programmes, delivered by a
dedicated Groupwork Coordinator. Specific programmes under this
banner have included Hidden Harm for parents of young offenders
who abuse substances; Arrive Alive for young people convicted of
car crime; Substance Misuse workshops to motivate young people
through drama; Give Racism the Red Card and Banner Theatre Drama
Groups for young people convicted of racially motivated
offences; Skills and Emotional Intelligence to guide young
people away from peer pressure; etc. Group work sessions,
underpinned by peer group dynamics, are a vital part of tackling
the offending behaviour. They focus on changing thinking and
encouraging consideration of the costs and consequences of
offending behaviour on themselves, their families, victims, and
the wider community. The YOS is currently engaging with a
regional workshop, funded by the YJB, to link YOT resources in
this area to those in the secure estate.
On Track is a project aimed at 4-12 year olds, living in North
Washington, who are vulnerable and in need. It is a government
funded project which is made up of a number of agencies,
including Social Service, Education, Health and Police. These
agencies work with young people and parents to address their
needs. These include parenting difficulties, behavioural
difficulties, offending, mental ill health, education
difficulties and emotional difficulties. One young person who
attended the On Track programme because of problems with
bullying designed a set of playing cards called Fire Within.
These were focused on strategies that children and young people
could use to deal with bullies. The card were commercially
produced and distributed within the city schools and
subsequently won two awards for the young person and he was
supported by YOS staff when attending the award events and in
coping with the media attention he received. On Track won the
Team of the Year Award in the 2007 North East Youth Justice
Assemble Awards in recognition for innovation of practice.
Phoenix Community Fire Safety Project
The Phoenix Programme is a pioneering award winning
partnership between Sunderland YOS and Tyne and Wear Fire and
Rescue Service offering youngsters an intensive fire fighters
course providing work experience and education in the
consequences of fire incidents / malicious fire setting. With
evidenced outcomes of increased self-esteem, positive attitudes
to education / employment and reduced re-offending, the
programme is now influencing practice and policy elsewhere by
duplication in other areas.
The Positive Futures Scheme aims to tackle social exclusion
among 8-19 year olds by diverting young people from offending
and substance use by encouraging participation in a wide range
of sport and recreational activities.
The aim of prevention is to engage young people’s interests,
increase their knowledge and consequently divert them from offending.
They can often effectively address the problems, which lie behind
a young person’s troublesome behaviour, such as family
problems, substance misuse and poor education attainment. Sunderland
Youth Offending Service has brought together a range of existing
preventative services (for example Wear Kids and the Mentoring
Project) as well as developing new initiatives to develop a
This is a court order normally granted in situations where it
is the young person’s first appearance in court and where
they have admitted the offence. The aim of the order is to help
the young person to avoid offending again. The duration can
vary from 3 months to 12 months as decided by the court.
Referral Order Panel
When a court administers a young person with a Referral Order,
the case is referred to a Community Panel. This panel is made
up of 2-3 trained members of the local community and a member
of the Youth Offending Service. They meet with the young offender,
their family/carers and, where appropriate, the victim of the
crime will be actively encouraged to take part. The Panel, together
with the young person, their family/carers and the victim, will
then draw up a contract for that young person.
Rehabilitation and Aftercare Programme (RAP) scheme
The RAP scheme provides additional resources to work with young
people leaving custody who have an identified substance misuse
problem. The scheme commenced in early 2005, with a requirement
that up to 25 hours of activity is available to each young person.
Resettlement and Aftercare Provision (RAP)
The RAP programme ensures end-to-end provision for those in
custody and engages with young offenders and prison staff to
ensure ‘wrap around’ provision upon release. This programme was
established in 2005 to provide additional resources to work with
young people leaving custody who have identified substance
misuse problems. The RAP team was awarded the regional YJ Award
2006 for their commitment to young people, having made great
achievements such as partnering with the Bunker, a Sunderland
based professional recording and rehearsal space that gives the
RAP young people the chance to learn new skills through
Restorative Justice (RJ)
Restorative Justice enables young offenders to make amends
(reparation) to the community for their offending through
positive or constructive activities. Innovative partnerships
have been forged with schools, community centres, charitable
organisations and businesses; and links have been forged with
Safer Sunderland Partnership Respect Action and the National Big
Recycle Scheme. The RJ Team has won the 2007 Recycling
Initiative of the Year Award for their work with a local
recycling contractor to deliver reparation projects on recycling
across the city. Restorative Justice attracts high levels of
positive media coverage.
Sessional Workers (Appropriate Adults)
The type of work that sessional workers get involved in include
assisting young people at the police station as an Appropriate
Adult. The Youth Offending Service advertises these opportunities
routinely in local press and media.
In conjunction with specific programmes, the YOS utilises a wide
range of focused resources for workers to use when engaging a
young person on a programme or on a court based order. Examples
include one-to-one paper-based activities, board games, videos,
DVDs, Teen Talk, etc. The YOS holds an electronic directory of
all resources available to practitioners (segmented by location,
type, target group and method of delivery). This ensures that
the practitioners are able to plan and deliver the most
effective intervention for the child or young person.
Sunderland Volunteer Mentoring Service
The service offers vulnerable young people advice and support
from an older, more experienced person, providing a protective
factor against peer pressure and other pressures in the young
person’s life. The Mentors within this service work with
young people at all stages of the Criminal Justice System and
provide a holistic approach to addressing the young person’s
This is a court order where appointments have to be maintained
with a worker from the Youth Offending Service. The Young person
is expected to meet all appointments on time and in a fit state,
take part in work as required and desist from offending behaviour.
'Tackle IT' is an exciting partnership initiative between
Sunderland YOS and Sunderland Premiership Football Club, to
tackle racism, antisocial behaviour, and bullying and promote
good citizenship. Specific award winning projects have included
Tackle It Ten Feet High (working with Newcastle Eagles
Basketball captain to develop young peoples aspirations),
SuperKrush Films (young people developing substance misuse
videos to deliver key messages to peers), and Cap-a-Pie (looked
after young people making videos to deliver message on alcohol
abuse). The success of the programme has received wide spread
acclaim from both schools, media and award bodies.
Volunteer Mentoring Scheme
This is a well-established YOS programme helping over 500 young
people to date that are either involved in offending or at risk
of doing so. The project offers vulnerable young people, between
the ages of 5 and 17 years old, advice and support from an
older, more experienced person, providing a protective factor
against pressures linked to offending in a young person's life.
One of the schemes volunteers was runner-up at the 2007 North
East Youth Justice Assembly Awards for her contribution in this
Wear Kids is a free voluntary support scheme for young people
aged 5-17 and their families in Sunderland. The main aim is to
help young people stay out of trouble and prevent anti-social
behaviour. Young people can refer themselves directly to the
scheme or can be referred by parents, carers, teachers or other
professionals. Wear Kids work with young people to organise
support and access to other services. These could include health
advice, family and parenting support, mentoring, education or
local projects. Once a referral has been made young people meet
with their project worker, and a panel is organised where a plan
will be developed to work with young people and support them
through any difficulties.
Inclusion Project (YIP)
North Washington YIP, a partnership with Crime Concern, is a tailor made
programme for some of the city’s most at-risk teenagers. The
youngsters involved with the programme receive one-to-one
support, a safe place to go, and the opportunity to take part in
activities with others. They also get careers and education
help to reduce crime and anti-social behaviour through helping
them grow and develop in order to improve their behaviour and so
reduce youth crime and disorder.
Youth Rehabilitation Order (YRO)
The Youth Rehabilitation Order (YRO) is a generic community
sentence for young offenders and combines a number of sentences
into one generic sentence. It will be the standard community
sentence used for the majority of children and young people who
offend. It will simplify sentencing for young people, while
improving the flexibility of interventions. The YRO came into
effect on 30 November 2009 as part of the Criminal Justice and
Immigration Act 2008 and represents a more individualised risk
and needs-based approach to community sentencing, enabling
greater choice from a ‘menu’ of requirements.
|© 2012 Sunderland City Council
||Published : 12/03/2010